Early Learning and Child Care Renfrew County

Gross Motor Skills

Gross motor skills involve the large muscles of the body that enable such functions as walking, kicking, sitting upright, lifting, and throwing a ball. A person's gross motor skills depend on both muscle tone and strength. Gross Motor skills are important for major body movement such as walking, maintaining balance, coordination, jumping, and reaching.

Gross Motor Developmental Milestones

Birth to 6 Months

  • Sits upright with prop
  • Supports own head when in a sitting position
  • Lifts head and supports self on arm when on stomach
  • Raises arms and legs when placed on stomach
  • Rolls over

6 Months to 1 Year

  • Sits alone
  • Crawls
  • Pulls self from a sitting to standing position
  • Stands without holding on to an object or person

Age 1 Year

  • Walks unassisted
  • Climbs onto low furniture
  • Climbs stairs with assistance
  • Pulls or pushes toys with wheels
  • Kicks ball holding on to support
  • Catches rolling ball between legs while sitting

Age 2 Years

  • Runs very stiffly on toes
  • Jumps using both feet simultaneously
  • Walks upstairs holding the banister
  • Walks on tiptoes
  • Pedals a tricycle while adult pushes
  • Kicks a ball forward without losing balance
  • Plays on a rocking horse
  • Throws a ball overhand five to seven feet
  • Hangs from a bar

Age 3 Years

  • Throws a ball to adult standing five feet away
  • Runs without falling
  • Hops on alternating feet
  • Stands on one foot
  • Walks backward for several feet
  • Moves a chair to reach for an object
  • Rides tricycle using pedals, unassisted by an adult
  • Walks backward easily
  • Walks on balance beam with one foot on the floor and the other on the beam

Age 4 Years

  • Walks upstairs like an adult by alternating feet
  • Runs smoothly with changes in speed
  • Skips using alternate feet rather than galloping
  • Bounces a ball
  • Catches a ball with hands and body
  • Jumps up and down on the floor several times
  • Bounces playground ball
  • Catches beanbags with hands

Age 5 Years

  • Hops on one foot
  • Performs jumping jacks and toe touches
  • Walks up and down the stairs while carrying objects
  • Catches a ball with two hands
  • Bounces a ball in place
  • Skips rope

Age 6 Years

  • Jumps over objects ten inches high
  • Does somersaults and cartwheels
  • Performs headstand
  • Rides a bicycle with training wheels
  • Walks securely on balance beam
  • Balances on roller skates
  • Throws with accurate placement
  • Dribbles ball
  • Kicks rolling ball